Conn.'s Cash Pool: Treading Water, or Drowning?

The flow of cash for Conn. is sinking.


Earlier this month, State Treasurer Denise Nappier’s confirmation of the steady decline in Connecticut’s cash position aroused widespread concern. Then last week, news about where money was coming from to prop up the cash balance caused serious alarm. 

On Friday, the General Assembly’s nonpartisan Office of Fiscal Analysis (OFA) reported that nearly $50 million collected to fund retiree health care benefits was being held in the state’s common cash pool, where the state keeps the cash it uses to pay daily operating expenses. Here’s why the news is so alarming:


  • The cash pool’s balance has fallen below zero every month since December, requiring temporary transfers from bond funds each time. In her June report, the state Treasurer said, “The common cash pool is trending downward over time and the need for temporary transfers or other resources is growing.” She referred to a “significant decline” in the balance -- $121 million in late May, compared to $895 million at the same time last year – and said that it “could trigger periods of cash flow pressure which would require more extensive transfers to the common cash pool and possibly the need for external funding sources”. The decline itself is disturbing, but it would be even steeper without the $50 million in health care contributions, which must be masking greater fluctuations.
  • Agreements with the state employee unions signed in 2009 and 2011 require both employees and the state to make contributions to an “other post employment benefits” (OPEB) account. While the 2011 agreement stipulates that an OPEB irrevocable trust be set up to hold these contributions, they have so far been accounted for in the same fund that pays current retiree health care costs. That fund, according to a statement from the Treasurer on Friday, had a negative cash balance last week of $13.6 million. So is all of the $50 million in the cash pool real money, or has part of it already been spent?
  • The OFA report tells us that the assumed average long-term investment return used for the actuarial valuation of the retiree health care trust fund is 5.7%. In the cash pool, however, the $50 million is invested in a short-term fund with a 0.1% return. Retaining the funds in the cash pool affects the valuation of the trust fund’s assets, and decreases the proportion of the state’s retirement liabilities that are funded.


This is a serious issue. A recent report by the Pew Center on the States ranked Connecticut in last place in terms of saving for public employee benefits. While a report from the state Comptroller last month indicated that the 2011 union agreement had reduced the $27 billion unfunded health care liability by about $9 billion, that savings could be in jeopardy if contributions are not earning projected returns – or if they have been spent.

Last week’s news tells us that cash may be even lower than we thought, reduction of OPEB liabilities may be illusory, and retirees may not even get the health care coverage they have been promised. It adds to the litany of the state’s ongoing financial woes:  a $200 million current year deficit despite last year’s historic tax increase, $45 billion in pension liabilities that are only 53% funded, a downgraded debt rating, and projected revenues for the fiscal year starting next week that are already down by $400 million.

If you can’t pay your household expenses and your efforts to bring in more income aren’t working, you reduce your spending. Our state government hasn’t done that. The biennial budget passed in 2011 increased spending by about $1 billion, and this May’s budget adjustments added a further $143 million.

The news about the cash pool adds even greater urgency to an already precarious situation, and waiting until next year’s legislative session to address it would be irresponsible. It has been suggested that the Appropriations and Finance Committees meet with the Treasurer for a full briefing on the cash pool. That would be a start, and a discussion of solutions could follow. Proposals for reductions and savings that my colleagues and I introduced in May are still on the table, and a frank and transparent bipartisan discussion might well produce others. Our constituents deserve nothing less. Whatever happens, further taxpayer sacrifices are not an acceptable alternative.


State Representative Gail Lavielle represents the 143rd district, which includes parts of Wilton and Norwalk and, following redistricting, will also include part of Westport. 

Amo Probus June 29, 2012 at 10:45 AM
Gail, you would enjoy credibility except you (and other republicans) have consistently voted to increase taxes while on the Wilton Board Of Finance. Are you saying a republican led tax increase is holier than a democrat led tax?
Eric Cameron June 29, 2012 at 12:20 PM
Amo - No where in this article does Gail suggest increasing taxes. This is not about taxes but rather what they are doing on the other side of the ledger. Gail has been a stalwart against increasing taxes. In fact, she has not voted for a single tax increase in Hartford. She has been a champion representing this town fighting to reduce spending. Not only does she not vote for tax increases, she has proactively proposed and supported alternatives which would CUT spending. The only problem Gail has is that she and other fiscal conservatives in Hartford are outnumbered. If we want to see things turn around CT needs to send MORE people like Gail to Hartford.
Kenneth J. Dartley June 29, 2012 at 12:29 PM
Amo--- Please re-read the last Paragraph of this article and then comment---or did you not read the whole article before you posted
Amo Probus June 29, 2012 at 01:06 PM
EC, KD What assurances do we have that more republicans in Hartford will reduce spending if they consistently vote to increase taxes in their respective home communities? Voting to increase taxes is tangible intent to increase spending. All I am saying is Gail, however fiscally conservative she may be relative to others, has voted to increase taxes in her home community thus casting doubts. Please refer to Grover Norquist. Thank you.
Lisa Pisano June 29, 2012 at 01:39 PM
It is very clear that this piece is not about taxes at all. It seems disingenuous and perhaps just a veiled attack of some sort to make it about that. This is about fiscal responsibility on the part of the State Treasurer, who seems so cavalier in what she does that it shocks me. People pay very little attention to these minor state offices, but in the state treasurer we have an irresponsible woman with little or no training that would indicate preparedness for the job. She is moving funds from here to there and everywhere; robbing Peter to pay Paul as they say. We need to stop playing these games and I for one thank Rep Lavielle for bringing this issue to my attention. It is not partisan, it is about responsibility and qualifications for a job. It is about our state's reputation...already knocked down one level by the credit rating agencies and this is sure to take it down another.
Frank Johnston June 29, 2012 at 01:46 PM
There is a big difference between allowing the amount spent by our town to rise with the rate of inflation (yes, which does mean your taxes have gone up, but give me a break) and putting in to place the largest tax increase in the history of the state which is what Dan Malloy did last year. Now we see that he still can't find the cash to pay for all those state workers he has promised not to fire until 2017. I don't think the Republicans in Hartford have had a chance to meaningfully vote on anything, but I know for sure that they sure aren't the cause of the real increases in taxes in this state.
Amo Probus June 29, 2012 at 02:16 PM
Wilton tax growth has exceeded CPI for at least the last dozen years. It has gone up faster than average wages in the town. Maybe republicans cannot yet fix Hartford or DC but let's not forget taxes at any level, including Wilton, are toxic. The cumulative effect results in a bigger unproductive government sucking the life out of private enterprise. Wilton republicans who control the town, need to repair their own house where it has more influence. This is nothing new to Gail; I have said the same to her in person.
Lisa Pisano June 29, 2012 at 02:55 PM
yet, you can't use your real name here? I don't think taxes have gone up that much in Wilton, where are you getting your information from? I stick with my assessment..thinly veiled attack against an intelligent woman. Nothing people fear more than an intelligent woman able to speak her mind...now you have 2.
Frank Johnston June 29, 2012 at 03:17 PM
I am more than a little confused by these repetitive posts about Wilton's taxes under a story about the state's mismanagement of its cash. Amo Probus is seems to be missing the point. (By the way, the Blair Family motto is Amo Probos or I love the Righteous, not Probus) We are in danger of going the way of Orange County or more to the point, Greece...bouncing off bottom, playing games with accounts to keep it all together while cutting deals to keep the whole thing afloat. I don't know much about Wilton's tax rate, but I can tell that looting the pension fund to pay the light bill just isn't right.
Eustace Tilley June 29, 2012 at 03:52 PM
Ammo is correct about Wilton taxes. Here is a copy of a post from last May: Budget in 2000 was $54,250,912 (inflation adjusted for 2013 it should be only $68,356,149 --- NOT $104,400,000) BOS operating was 15,062,820 in 2000 vs. $30,347,323 proposed
BOE operating was 33,697,186 in 2000 vs. $74,051,216 proposed

Katie B June 29, 2012 at 04:17 PM
That is a spurious argument, especially taken in a vacuum. I don't even think your math is right (check here The town has changed just since i moved here. Certainly no one person has had that much of an influence over the budget and I still don't see what any of this has to do with Denise Nappier's incompetence or manipulations.
Eric Cameron June 29, 2012 at 10:35 PM
Amos - The best assurances you have are to have a face to face conversation with the person to find out what he/she believes in and supprt. If you like what you hear and trust that they are being honest then actively support them. That is exactly what I did with Gail. I was so impressed with her energy, integrity, and command of the issues that I was proud to support her and will continue to do so. It is interesting that I said we needed more fiscal conservatives in Hartford and you translated that to mean Republican. I never used the word "Republican" in my comment.
Amo Probus June 29, 2012 at 11:25 PM
Eric, Ha, you outed me. I have long given up my search for a Democrat fiscal conservative in CT. I like Gail. She just needs to vote no on any and all tax hike and I do not understand why she won't! Conservatives from any party need a flag dripping with frugality to rally behind...which republican offers that?
Michael Graupner June 29, 2012 at 11:31 PM
Eric, Seemingly, Gail has excess time on her hands up in Hartford that she is able and willing to rush home and serve on our local BofF. One would think that either job alone would be sufficient if done well. Most of us take her at her word that"...further tax payer sacrifices are not an acceptable alternative"...but as a member of Wilton's BofF, she has, at most, paid lip service to that statement. That is what Amo is pointing out and why ETP provides the statistical facts.We are waiting for Gail to stand up, in Wilton, and use her considerable standing to deny any further increases in local property tax until the Board of Ed and Board of Selectman are held accountable to ALL taxpayers in Wilton. Seniors are being driven out. Maybe you and other RTC members will finally wake up to that fact.


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